Progress: myth or reality?
Lecture by Cyrulnik, Paccalet, Rabhi led by Lauret

Are there too many of us on earth?

The weight of the birth rate would threaten the climate ”headlined the newspaper Le Monde following the publication of the annual report (2009) of the United Nations Population Fund. The question of the impact of the world's population on the environment constitutes a particularly fertile ground for debate. In addition to its ethical dimension, it also refers to complex causalities, often poorly understood, given the diversity of demographic structures but also of consumption patterns. To discuss this, we had the pleasure of welcoming two renowned speakers, one from the natural sciences, the other from the social sciences, who offered us contrasting visions of the relationship between population growth and the environment.

* Christian Vandermotten, professor emeritus of geography at ULB
* Yves Paccalet, philosopher, naturalist, member for fifteen years of the team of Commandant Cousteau and author of many books including L'Humanité will disappear, good riddance!
Debate with the public, moderated by Jean-Michel Decroly, Professor at ULB, member of IGEAT

Who will take power?

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Pascal Picq finds the roots of today's politics in apes.

The paleoanthropologist publishes "Who will take the power" ? He returns to one of the works of fiction that has marked him the most, "The Planet of the Apes" by Pierre Boulle, where men are nostalgic for a time when they subjugated the great apes, when "everything went for the best". This is the perfect example for the scientist of a basic principle:

"For 2 million years, in its comfort, humanity has been seized with intellectual and physical laziness".

In the not-so-distant future, it will undoubtedly be commonplace to interact with our connected objects only by thought, without having to utter a word or make the slightest gesture. Digital alienation or efficiency gain? Be that as it may, a new step has been taken in this direction by American researchers at MIT.

Yseult Berger, the 13/04/2018

The surprising science of motivation!
The management of the twentieth century based on "carrot and stick" is dead or at least, is living its last hours.

18-minute conference with Daniel H. Pink, American journalist and author. Assistant to Robert Reich, he was a speech writer for US Vice President Al Gore from 1995 to 1997.

It was long thought that the promise of a financial reward or the fear of a sanction, was enough to motivate an individual and obtain from him the improvement of his performance.

How then to explain the success of the collaborative Wikipedia encyclopedia written by volunteer contributors, where Microsoft's Encarta encyclopedia with the highest paid professionals failed?

What if the money and the penalties weren't enough?

What really motivates us, drives us to action and performance? How can we influence our level of motivation or that of others?

What are the keys to the success of a project, of a motivating company?

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Education makes you free , it is the only way to flourish with others.

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“The first time I entered this school, I saw all these little Shameems staring at me with dreams in their eyes, the same dream of freedom that I had in my childhood.

These girls are thirsty for knowledge, but the school is understaffed. The girls sit in class, full of hope, learn nothing and leave. It is a situation that I cannot stand. I couldn't go back. I had found a purpose in my life. I recruited a few of my friends to help me teach. I introduce my students to the outside world with extra-curricular activities and books. I share with them the portraits of the best personalities in this world, such as Martin Luther King and Nelson Mandela. "

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" Where do we come from ? Who are we ? What are we going to eat tonight? ”

To learn about the distant past, the best guide, the science to appeal to, is astronomy.
Without it, we would have remained ignorant.

But, thanks to astronomers, we know that our universe is vast, that it contains at least 100 billion galaxies like ours, the Milky Way. Each of these galaxies contains 100 billion stars ...

Our past reveals our present thanks to the history of the Universe, our history!

Hubert Reeves tells in his books , his shows and his chronicles the birth of the universe, that of the Earth and of life, the beautiful story, and the less beautiful ...

"Homo sapiens realizes that, by his own activity, his future and that of his descendants are in danger. He can invest himself in trying to ward off this disastrous fate. This fact opens an important window on the behavior of the nature: our awareness of the possibility of taking action to get us out of a bad situation means that, "somewhere", nature wants us good. " Hubert reeves

Text written by Hubert Reeves:
In the farthest distance, I saw the searing explosion of scorching chaos and, in a dazzling ocean of light, a puddle of formless matter spread.
Then, before my astonished eyes, gigantic nebular masses broke up. The fragments, curling up on themselves, slowly took shape in bluish spirals, and all along their arms, fantastic explosions of stars projected into space, with unheard-of force, harvests of atoms. multicolored.
I have observed in the oceanic abyss torrents of opaque matter eject from volcanic vents, and immense colonies of organisms agitate in rhythm with this sulphurous manna.
I witnessed the brutal deer fights for the female who will bear their semen and watch over the future of the line.
By these spectacles, I measured the power of the ferment of organization which nature is possessed. And I tasted in me an exhilarating flavor of enthusiasm and gratitude.
But when I was horrified at the piles of corpses in the extermination camps, I was overcome with a feeling of great perplexity.
Where did the cosmic adventure go wrong? Or had I not simply been the plaything of an illusion, of a dream in colors?
From the shock of these contradictory visions, a new idea of our existence was born in me. There is something to do with these few decades that nature grants us: take resolutely, and without failing, the party to embellish reality.

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Conference presented by Hubert REEVES, Research Director, CNRS. Professor, Department of Physics of the University of Montreal & President of the Humanity and Biodiversity Association.

The definition of the animal
is to be rethought.

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December 5, 2018, second part of the “Homo Animalis” conference cycle. After Gilles Bœuf and bio-inspiration, the paleoanthropologist and lecturer at the Collège de France Pascal Picq questioned human certainties about his alleged intellectual superiority over animals.

"There is no animal intelligence. There are animal intelligences." The nuance is fundamental for Pascal Picq, a specialist in great apes. Man must put aside his arrogance and take into account the complexity of ecosystems in order to enter into a process of coevolution:

“Each species unconsciously and gratuitously provides a service to the other while ensuring its integrity. This leads to a more innovative system in which everyone is an actor in the system. "

According to the paleoanthropologist, Man until now has not wanted to see animal intelligences, “as if we could not understand animals, as if they were part of another world. »And invites us to change our gaze:

“In France, we confuse error and fault. It is a real handicap, in all areas, whether in the business world, in education or in our relationships with our animals. "

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EricBarnabe.Photographie_gmail.com-Light

In 2017, there were about 1 airplane flight per second in the world. Even if we are not always with our noses in the air, there is still a lot going on in the sky. Airplane pollution is insidious because it is invisible. But make no mistake: this invisibility hides real gravity!

Among the French photographers who were able to capture and immortalize this moment, Eric, the photographer and videographer of the OMPE took this magnificent photo. This photo, taken on the evening of January 31, 2018, will certainly be among the most beautiful images of the Super-Moon. A photo as rare as it is superb, freezing the movement of one of the 36.8 million planes that crisscross the sky each year. A striking contrast between the power of nature and human activity ...

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While pollution continues to increase on earth, the sky is also laden with fine particles. If the plane is considered less polluting than the train or the cars, it emits, on a journey of 500 km round trip, between 145 and 241 kg of CO2… per passenger! At issue: kerosene, a mixture of hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum refining, used to fuel aircraft turbojets and turboprop engines. Depending on the different phases of a flight, the plane will burn more or less kerosene.

It is during take-off, for approximately 4 km, that the quantity of kerosene required is very large (people living near airports therefore suffer 2 types of pollution for the price of one: noise pollution and pollution of their lungs, ditto for those who work on the ground, moreover, we will not talk here about additional cosmic rays for the flight crew, because that is starting to do a lot, we will end up believing that we hate Louis Blériot and the Wright brothers at the OMPE, which is totally wrong! - lol -). The Concorde, for example, consumed nearly 450 L of kerosene per minute on takeoff, before it reached flight level. Remember, however, that for 1 kilo of kerosene used, 3 kilos of CO2 are emitted into the atmosphere. In the end, 2% of global CO2 emissions are emitted by airliners!

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In the poignant yet entertaining sequel to his famous 2006 presentation, Sir Ken Robinson argues for personalized learning instead of standardized teaching - it's about creating the conditions in which children's natural talents can flourish. .